Solly Zuckerman (1904 - 1993) was a public servant, zoologist, and scientific advisor to the British government. He taught at Oxford University from 1934 - 1945. During World War II, he performed several research projects for the armed forces, including studies that determined the impact of bombings on people and an analysis of the Allied plans to invade the Italian Island of Pantellaria under Operation Corkscrew.
His most significant wartime achievement was persuading military authorities—over Churchill’s strong opposition—to cease the saturation bombing of German cities and factories and instead mount tactical strikes against railways and bridges. After the war, Lord Zuckerman used his political skills to expand his expertise and influence policy on topics as diverse as agriculture, the environment, education, energy, and disarmament.
Zuckerman took an appointment as Professor of Anatomy at Birmingham University from 1946 - 1968. He returned to public service as Chief Scientific Advisor to the British Government in 1971. From 1955 to 1984, Zuckerman also served as secretary of the Zoological Society of London. His academic contributions include pioneering work in the study of primate behavior, and he is largely credited with making science part of governmental policy.
The topic of Baron Zuckerman’s talk is presently unknown. May 11, 1972. Building 37.