Mario J. Molina

Mario J. Molina, 2015

Mario J. Molina (b. 1943) is one of the leading scientists in the world, dedicated to atmospheric chemistry. He co-authored with Frank Sherwood Rowland the 1974 Nature article predicting the depletion of the ozone layer as a direct consequence of the emissions of certain industrial gases, chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs). The “CFC-ozone depletion theory” led to their earning the 1995 Nobel Prize in Chemistry jointly with Paul J. Crutzen. Professor Molina’s research and publications on the subject also influenced the United Nations Montreal Protocol, a landmark international agreement designed to protect the ozone layer. He is a former MIT Institute Professor and at present, he presides over the Mario Molina Center for Strategic Studies on Energy and Environment in Mexico, which conducts research and promotes public policies. The Center focuses on strategic studies of energy and the environment, particularly in the field of climate change and air quality.

Linus Pauling

Linus Pauling, 1978

Linus Pauling (1901 - 1994) was an American scientist, peace activist, author and educator. He was one of the most influential chemists in history and ranks among the most important scientists in any field of the 20th century. Pauling was among the first to work in the fields of quantum chemistry, molecular biology, and orthomolecular medicine. He is one of few individuals to have been awarded more than one Nobel Prize, and one of only two people to receive the Nobel in two different fields. He is also the only person in that group to have been awarded each of his prizes without sharing it with another recipient.

George W. Beadle

George W. Beadle, 1958

George Wells Beadle (October 22, 1903 – June 9, 1989) was an American scientist in the field of genetics, and Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine Nobel laureate who with Edward Lawrie Tatum discovered the role of genes in regulating biochemical events within cells.