Edward M. Kennedy

Edward M. Kennedy, 2007

Edward Kennedy (1932 - 2009) believed that promoting politics at the expense of all else “breeds cynicism and erodes trust, but also threatens the foundations of democracy.” Yet he saw an antidote to the problem and turned to institutions like MIT, which harbor “a questioning spirit that seeks to find and follow truth.” He remained optimistic that science and public policy would once again become partners.

President Oscar Arias Sánchez

President Oscar Arias Sánchez, 1997

After studying in the United States, Oscar Arias Sánchez (b. 1940) studied law and economics at the University of Costa Rica and engaged actively in the work of the National Liberation Party. Having completed his degree, he went on to finish his doctorate in England, with a thesis on the subject of “Who Rules Costa Rica?”

Robert White

Robert White, 1995-1996

Robert M. White advises on environment, energy, and climate change, and development and management of organizations and research programs. Dr. White was President of the National Academy of Engineering from 1983 to 1995. Prior to that, he was President of the University Corporation for Atmospheric Research, and has served in scientific leadership positions under five U.S. Presidents.

McGeorge Bundy

McGeorge Bundy, 1968

McGeorge Bundy (1919-1996) was the United States National Security Advisor to Presidents John F. Kennedy and Lyndon B. Johnson from 1961-1966. Bundy was also a noted Professor of Government at Harvard, and was known as a strong proponent for the American bombing of North Vietnam. Bundy later expressed regret over the decision, and was one of the first administration members to do so publicly. He spent much of his later career analyzing and criticizing Americas Vietnam policy. He subsequently served as president of the Ford Foundation from 1966-1979.

Herbert Simon

Herbert Simon, 1968

Herbert Alexander Simon (1916 - 2001) was an American political scientist and economist whose research ranged across the fields of cognitive psychology, computer science, public administration, management, philosophy and science and sociology. He is one of the most influential social scientists of the 20th century, with almost a thousand widely cited publications.